Category Archives: Microsoft

Manually Create a Bootable UEFI 64-bit USB Flash Drive (Windows 7, 8, 2008, 2012)

  1. Create bootable USB:
    • Open CMD (with runas administrator), and use the following command to create bootable USB:
      • diskpart
      • list disk  (to verify which disk is the USB)
      • select disk # (select the USB disk)
      • clean
      • create partition primary
      • format fs=fat32 quick
      • active
      • assign
      • exit
    • Copy all file from Installation CD/DVD to the USB. It should be already bootable for 32-bit.
  2. Make UEFI (64 bit) bootable:
    • On the USB flash drive, “copy” the efi\microsoft\boot folder up one level into the efi folder as efi\boot.
    • Use 7-zip to Open sources\install.wim on the USB flash drive,
      • Go to: \1\Windows\Boot\EFI\bootmgfw.efi
      • Copy bootmgfw.efi to somewhere (e.g. desktop), then close 7-zip
      • Rename the bootmgfw.efi into bootx64.efi.
      • Copy/Move the renamed bootx64.efi file into the efi/boot folder on the USB flash drive

How to get rid of the “Your upgrade to Windows 10 is ready” lock

Did you sign up for the Windows 10 upgrade, but change your mind? This may fix your Win7/8.1 updater

You signed up for the Windows 10 upgrade, but now that the bits are ready, you’re getting cold feet. I understand. But there’s one little problem: Your Windows 7 or 8.1 machine won’t install any updates until you install Windows 10. Windows Update may say, “Your upgrade to Windows 10 is ready,” and if you check for updates, you get “Windows Update cannot currently check for updates, because you must first restart the computer so that a previous installation can be completed.”

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Headphones + Speakers at the same time in Windows 7


Enable sound output on both speaker and headphone at the same time in Windows 7

  1. right click the Sound tray icon
  2. click Recording devices
  3. right click “Stereo mix” and click Properties
    (stereo mix is a “microphone” that listens only to sounds your computer makes.  It might called something different on your computer)
  4. click the Listen tab and check Listen to this device
  5. Now, if your Speakers are the default device, set “Playback through this device” to your Headphones (and vice versa: if your headphones are the default device, set it to your speakers).
  6. Click OK, OK, and it should work.


  • There is a signal lag (audio lag, audio delay) between computer Application and Bluetooth headphone. (i.e. when you what movie, you will see image runs faster than audio/sound).
  • If you don’t want such audio lag, select Bluetooth Headphone as the Primary/Default in Playback Device.

This setup is applied successfully to output audio to both (1) Xonar Audio Card to speaker and (2) Sony XB950BT Headphone via Bluetooth connection (wireless via CSR V4.0 Dongle). Software used are iTunes in Windows 7 Pro 64bit.

Source: [link]

Install offline Windows Movie Maker for Windows 8 and 7

How do I install Windows Essentials while offline?

If your Internet connection is slow or unreliable, you might want to download an installer file for Windows Essentials and then run the installer when you aren’t connected to the Internet. This installation method can also save time if you want to install Windows Essentials on several computers. After you download the installer file onto one computer, you can copy it onto others to install Windows Essentials there.

To install Windows Essentials while offline

  1. Use the installer file links provided on this webpage to find the one that corresponds to your operating system and language, and then click the link.

  2. When asked if you want to run or save the installer file, click Save, and then save the file to your desktop.

  3. To install Windows Essentials on the computer that you’re using, click the wlsetup-all.exe file on your desktop, click Run, and then follow the instructions on the screen.


    To install Windows Essentials on a different computer, copy the wlsetup-all.exe file to a portable storage device such as a Flash USB drive, and then copy the file to the other computer’s desktop. Click the file, click Run, and then follow the instructions on the screen.

Legal information

Before installing Windows Essentials, review the following information.

Essentials installer files for Windows 7, Windows 8.1, and Windows Server 2008

Click your language below to download the offline installer for Windows Essentials 2012. For more info, see these system requirements and release notes.


English (click to download full installation file in English)

Vietnamese (click to download full installation file in Vietnamese)

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Windows 7 will not let me edit the hosts file and save it

It’s a built-in safety feature.  There is an easy workaround.

  • Click Start -> All Programs -> Accessories.
  • Right-click Notepad, and then click Run as administrator.  If you are prompted for an administrator password or for a confirmation, type the password, or click Allow or Yes.
  • Open the Hosts file (from the notepad you just opened, at folder: C:\windows\system32\drivers\etc\) , make your changes, and then click File -> Save.


How to Back Up Windows 7 Drivers

Drivers are essential software for the functioning of a computer and it is a good idea to back them up to some external source. It can be a real pain to try to reinstall or repair Windows, only to find that some proprietary driver is missing or corrupt. Many PC manufacturers have their own drivers for crucial hardware and Windows generic drivers won’t work.

One approach is to download and use one of the driver backup programs discussed at Best Free Windows Driver Backup and Restore. Alternatively, more experienced PC users may wish to do the job themselves and here is how.

In Windows 7 all the drivers are in a few subfolders located in the system folder %SystemRoot%\System32\. Two standard  protected subfolders  are called “DriverStore” and “drivers”.  Often there is also a third subfolder  “DrvStore”. These folders can be copied to some external media for safekeeping.

In addition, you should back up the folder %systemroot%\inf\. This folder contains the driver setup information files. This folder is sometimes overlooked but drivers cannot be installed without the information it contains.

More discussion, including ways to reinstail drivers can be found at this link.

How to: Change SATA Modes After Windows Installation

Types of SATA modes:

  • IDE – Old, slower, it is simply a compatibility mode
  • AHCI – AHCI stands for Advanced Host Controller Interface. It makes Native Command Queuing (NCQ) along with hot-plugging or hot swapping through SATA Serial-ATA host controllers possible. NCQ is one of the important features of AHCI for SSDs. SSDs can process requests faster than HDDs. It can process so fast that the SSD could end up waiting for work. NCQ allows the OS/controller to request up to 32 simultaneous requests at once. So you basically get more performance from your drive over older IDE mode.
  • RAID – RAID stands for redundant array of independent disks, originally redundant array of inexpensive disks. It is a means by which your PC uses multiple disks as if they were one, either to increase performance, safeguard against disk failures, or both. RAID mode has all the advantages of AHCI mode. There are four main factors of a RAID setup: striping, which spreads data across multiple drives, mirroring, which copies the data to more than one disk, space efficiency, which is how much of the total space is available to use, and fault tolerance, which is a measure of how well protected the RAID array is against disk failure.

The Problem:
The issue with changing the SATA modes is they need to be enabled in the BIOS prior to OS installation; doing so after you have installed the OS will disable the PC. The reason why is Windows disables the drivers for the others that are not needed during installation. This tutorial will show you how to enable the different SATA modes after you have installed the OS.

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