Journey into Photography

Journey into Photography (..in progress..)

1. Why photography?

1.1. Why?

  • We all need to know why; or we will soon get bored with photography.

1.2. Some notes

 

2. Lighting

Light is raw material of photography. Photography is the manipulation of light.

  • Understanding light:
    • Three key principles of light:
      • The effective size of the light source is the single most important decision in lighting a photograph. It determines what types of shadows are produced and may affect the type of reflection.
      • Three types of reflections are possible from any surface. They determine why any surface looks the way it does.
        • diffuse reflection,
        • direct reflection,
        • glare (polarized direct reflection ???).
      • Some of these reflections occur only if light strikes the surface from within a limited family of angles. After we decide what type of reflection is important, the family of angles determines where the light should or should not be.
    • Surface appearance:
      • All surfaces produce diffuse, direct, and polarized reflection in varying degrees. We see all of these reflections, but we are not always conscious of them. That is because of our brain.
      • One of the first steps in lighting a scene is to look at the subject and decide what kind of reflection causes the subject to appear the way it does. The next step is to position the light, the subject, and the camera to make the photograph capitalize on that type of reflection and minimize the others.
      • Methods to photograph a surface:
        • Capitalizing on Diffuse reflection: gives us the information about color of the subject or how black or how white the subject is. However, diffuse reflection does not tell us very much about what the surface material is.
        • Capitalizing on Direct reflection: gives us the texture of the subject surface.
        • Capture both diffuse and direct reflections: for complex surface. A complex surface means a single surface that requires both diffuse and direct reflection to define it properly.
    • Revealing Shape and Contour:
    • Some important notes:
      • The larger the light source, relative to the subject, the softer the light. (closer light source can also be considered as “relatively larger”).
  • Light modifiers: umbrella, soft box, reflector panel, barndoor (video 1 |)
    • Soft box
      • Understanding how soft box work (by Jeffery Luhn)
        • What is a soft box | How a soft box work | Why/When to use soft boxes | Size of soft box | Shape of soft box | Soft box vs. Umbrella.
  • Lighting setup for portrait (tips by hafoto and James Duong) [..in progress..]]
  • Flash light vs. continuous light:

 

3. Angle of view, Layout, and Color

 

4. Shooting handling

  • Three fundamental elements:
    • Aperture
    • Shutter Speed
    • ISO
  • Essential elements:
    • Metering (đo sáng)
    • Focusing
    • White balance (WB)
    • Lens focal length
    • Lens Aperture
    • DoF (video 1)
    • EV compensation
  • Understanding your equipment
    • Shooting mode
    • OVF vs. EVF
    • Viewfinder vs. Live-view
    • Image Stabilization
    • Control dials
    • Customizable function buttons
    • Face Detection / Eye AF
    • Tilt / Touch LCD
    • Dust and weather sealed
    • Built-in flash, Hot-shoe (for flash)
    • Memory card
    • Wifi functions, NFC
    • Remote control options
    • JPEG image manipulate options
    • Silent shutter (electronic shutter, leaf shutter)
    • ISO Capacity of the camera (more: ISOless range)
  • Handling external shooting elements
    • Handling subjects
    • Working with models
    • Handling environment
  • Shooting tips

 

5. Retouch

5.1. Software

 

5.2. Landscape retouch

 

5.3. Portrait retouch

 

6. Camera and lens (select your weapons)

  • Camera:
    • Full-frame vs. Crop (by Nasim, ) , and other sensor sizes
    • DSRL camera
    • Mirrorless camera
    • Advanced compact camera
    • Underwater camera and housing
  • Lens:
  • Tripod, mono-pod:
  • Filter:
  • Lighting equipment:
    • Flash (on and off-camera)
    • Strobe
  • Other accessories:
    • Grip
    • Bag
    • Strap
    • Remote control
      • By hardware
      • By apps via smartphone
  • Choose the right camera and lens for your need.

 

7. Have fun seriously with photography (my preferences)

Answer the question: What do you like to photograph?

7.1. Street-life photography

 

7.2. Documentary photography

 

7.3. Portrait photography

7.4. Experimenting photography

  • Long-exposure, light painting, astronomy
  • Under-water
  • Macro
  • HDR
  • Panorama
  • Time lapse

 

7.5. Publish photos

 

8. Other influetial activities to photography

8.1. Reading:

 

8.2. Painting:

 

8.3. Music:

 

8.4. Movie:

 

8.5. Travelling:

 

9. Do-It-Yourself Corner

9.1. DIY light modifier

 

9.2. DIY light

  • DIY Strobe Light (continuous light)
  • DIY LED Light Panel [Article | Youtube] (mobile and fold-up design)

 

9.3. DIY Stand:

 

10. Commercial photography